Controlling Node Selection
Many K8s cluster deployments have different kinds of nodes that have different CPU and memory resources available for scheduling cluster workloads. The Redis Enterprise operator has various abilities to control the scheduling Redis Enterprise cluster node pods through properties specified in the Redis Enterprise cluster CRD.
A Redis Enterprise cluster is deployed as a StatefulSet which manages the Redis Enterprise cluster node pods. The scheduler chooses a node to deploy a new Redis Enterprise cluster node pod on when:
- The cluster is created
- The cluster is resized
- A pod fails
Here are the ways that you can control the pod scheduling:
Using node selectors
property of the cluster specification uses the same values and structures as
In general, node labels are a simple way to make sure that specific nodes are used for Redis Enterprise pods.
For example, if nodes ‘n1’ and ‘n2’ are labeled as “high memory”:
kubectl label nodes n1 memory=high kubectl label nodes n2 memory=high
The Redis Enterprise cluster CRD can request to be scheduled on these nodes:
apiVersion: app.redislabs.com/v1 kind: RedisEnterpriseCluster metadata: name: rec spec: nodes: 3 nodeSelector: memory: high
Then, when the operator creates the StatefulSet associated with the pod, the nodeSelector section is part of the pod specification. When the scheduler attempts to create new pods, it needs to satisfy the node selection constraints.
Using node pools
A node pool is a common part of the underlying infrastructure of the Kubernetes cluster deployment and provider. Often, node pools are similarly-configured classes of nodes such as nodes with the same allocated amount of memory and CPU. Implementors often label these nodes with a consistent set of labels.
On Google Kubernetes Engine (GKE), all node pools have the label
cloud.google.com/gke-nodepool with a value of the name used during configuration.
On Microsoft Azure Kubernetes System (AKS), you can create node pools with a specific set of labels. Other managed cluster services may have similar labeling schemes.
You can use the
nodeSelector section to request a specific node pool by label values. For example, on GKE:
apiVersion: app.redislabs.com/v1 kind: RedisEnterpriseCluster metadata: name: rec spec: nodes: 3 nodeSelector: cloud.google.com/gke-nodepool: 'high-memory'
Using node taints
You can use multiple node taints with a set of tolerations to control Redis Enterprise cluster node pod scheduling.
podTolerations property of the cluster specification specifies a list of pod tolerations to use.
The value is a list of Kubernetes tolerations.
For example, if the cluster has a single node pool, the node taints can control the allowed workloads for a node. You can add taints to the node, for example nodes n1, n2, and n3, reserve a set of nodes for the Redis Enterprise cluster:
kubectl taint nodes n1 db=rec:NoSchedule kubectl taint nodes n2 db=rec:NoSchedule kubectl taint nodes n3 db=rec:NoSchedule
This prevents any pods from being scheduled onto the nodes unless the pods can tolerate the taint
You can then add the toleration for this taint to the cluster specification:
apiVersion: app.redislabs.com/v1 kind: RedisEnterpriseCluster metadata: name: rec spec: nodes: 3 podTolerations: - key: db operator: Equal value: rec effect: NoSchedule
A set of taints can also handle more complex use cases.
For example, a
role=dev taint can be used to designate a node as dedicated for testing or development workloads via pod tolerations.
Using pod anti-affinity
By default, the Redis Enterprise node pods are not allowed to be placed on the same node for the same cluster:
podAntiAffinity: requiredDuringSchedulingIgnoredDuringExecution: - labelSelector: matchLabels: app: redis-enterprise redis.io/cluster: rec redis.io/role: node topologyKey: kubernetes.io/hostname
Each pod has the three labels above where
redis.io/cluster is the label for the name of your cluster.
You can change this rule to restrict or include nodes that the Redis Enterprise cluster node pods can run on.
For example, you can delete the
redis.io/cluster label so that even Redis Enterprise node pods from different clusters cannot be scheduled on the same Kubernetes node:
apiVersion: app.redislabs.com/v1 kind: RedisEnterpriseCluster metadata: name: rec spec: nodes: 3 podAntiAffinity: requiredDuringSchedulingIgnoredDuringExecution: - labelSelector: matchLabels: app: redis-enterprise redis.io/role: node topologyKey: kubernetes.io/hostname
or you can prevent Redis Enterprise nodes from being schedule with other workloads. For example, if all database workloads have the label ‘local/role: database’, you can use this label to avoid scheduling two databases on the same node:
apiVersion: app.redislabs.com/v1 kind: RedisEnterpriseCluster metadata: name: rec spec: nodes: 3 extraLabels: local/role: database podAntiAffinity: requiredDuringSchedulingIgnoredDuringExecution: - labelSelector: matchLabels: local/role: database app: redis-enterprise redis.io/cluster: rec redis.io/role: node topologyKey: kubernetes.io/hostname
In this case, any pods that are deployed with the label
local/role: database cannot be scheduled on the same node.
Using rack awareness
You can configure Redis Enterprise with rack-zone awareness to increase availability during partitions or other rack (or region) related failures.
Rack-zone awareness is a single property in the Redis Enterprise cluster CRD named
This value for this label is commonly
failure-domain.beta.kubernetes.io/zone as documented in
‘Running in multiple zones’.
You can check the value for this label in your nodes with the command:
$kubectl get nodes -o custom-columns="name:metadata.name","rack\\zone:metadata.labels.failure-domain\.beta\.kubernetes\.io/zone" name rack\zone ip-10-0-x-a.eu-central-1.compute.internal eu-central-1a ip-10-0-x-b.eu-central-1.compute.internal eu-central-1a ip-10-0-x-c.eu-central-1.compute.internal eu-central-1b ip-10-0-x-d.eu-central-1.compute.internal eu-central-1b
Enabling the cluster role
For the operator to read the cluster node information, you must create a cluster role for the operator and then bind the role to the service account.
Here’s a cluster role:
kind: ClusterRole apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1 metadata: name: redis-enterprise-operator rules: # needed for rack awareness - apiGroups: [""] resources: ["nodes"] verbs: ["list", "get", "watch"]
And here’s how to apply the role:
kubectl apply -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/RedisLabs/redis-enterprise-k8s-docs/master/rack_awareness/rack_aware_cluster_role.yaml
The binding is typically to the
redis-enterprise-operator service account:
kind: ClusterRoleBinding apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1 metadata: name: redis-enterprise-operator subjects: - kind: ServiceAccount namespace: NAMESPACE_OF_SERVICE_ACCOUNT name: redis-enterprise-operator roleRef: kind: ClusterRole name: redis-enterprise-operator apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
and it can be applied by running:
kubectl apply -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/RedisLabs/redis-enterprise-k8s-docs/master/rack_awareness/rack_aware_cluster_role_binding.yaml
Once the cluster role and the binding have been applied, you can configure Redis Enterprise clusters to use rack awareness labels.
Configuring rack awareness
You can configure the node label to read for the rack zone by setting the
apiVersion: app.redislabs.com/v1 kind: RedisEnterpriseCluster metadata: name: example-redisenterprisecluster spec: nodes: 3 rackAwarenessNodeLabel: failure-domain.beta.kubernetes.io/zone
rackAwarenessNodeLabelproperty, the operator will change the topologyKey for the anti-affinity rule to the label name used unless you have specified the
podAntiAffinityproperty as well. If you use
podAntiAffinitytogether, you must make sure that the
topologyKeyin your pod anti-affinity rule is set to the node label name.