Create an Active-Active Geo-Replicated Database (CRDB)
Active-Active replicated databases (also known as CRDBs) give applications write access to replicas of the data set in different geographical locations.
The participating clusters that host the instances can be in distributed geographic locations. Every instance of a CRDB can receive write operations, and all operations are synchronized conflict-free to all of the instances.
Steps to Create an Active-Active Database
- Create a service account - On each participating cluster, create a dedicated user account with the Admin role.
- Confirm connectivity - Confirm network connectivity between the participating clusters.
- Create CRDB - Connect to one of your clusters and create a new CRDB.
- Add participating clusters - Add the participating clusters to the CRDB with the user credentials for the service account.
- Confirm CRDB Synchronization - Test writing to one cluster and reading from a different cluster.
- Two or more machines with the same version of RS installed
- Network connectivity and cluster FQDN name resolution between all participating clusters
- Network time service listener (ntpd) configured and running on each node in all clusters
Creating a CRDB
To create service accounts, on each participating cluster:
- In your web browser, open the web UI of the cluster that you want to connect to in order to create the CRDB.
By default, the address is:
- Go to settings > team and click .
- Enter the name, email, and password for the user, select the Admin role, and click .
- In your web browser, open the web UI of the cluster that you want to connect to in order to create the CRDB. By default, the address is:
To make sure that there is network connectivity between the participating clusters, telnet on port 9443 from each participating cluster to each of the other participating clusters.
telnet <target FQDN> 9443
In your web browser, open the web UI of the cluster that you want to connect to in order to create the CRDB. By default, the address is:
In databases, click .
If you do not have any databases on the node, you are prompted to create a database.
In the Deployment box, select Geo-Distributed and click Next to create a CRDB on RAM.
If your cluster supports Redis on Flash, in Runs on you can select Flash so that your database uses Flash memory. We recommend that you use AOF every 1 sec for the best performance during the initial CRDB sync of a new replica.
Enter the name of the new CRDB and select from the options:Note -
- The eviction policy can only be set to noeviction for CRDBs.
- You cannot enable or disable database clustering after the CRDB is created.
- Replication - We recommend that you use intra-cluster replication to create slave shards in each CRDB instance. The intercluster synchronization is most efficient when it reads from slave shards.
Data persistence - To protect against loss of data stored in RAM, you can enable data persistence and select to store a copy of the data on disk with snapshots or Append Only File (AOF). AOF provides the fastest and most reliable method for instance failure recovery.
Redis password - A password that clients must use to connect to the CRDB.
Endpoint port number (Required) - The port in the range 10000-19999 that clients must use to connect to the CRDB.
In the Database clustering option, you can either:
- Make sure the Database clustering is enabled and select the number of shards that you want to have in the database. When database clustering is enabled, databases are subject to limitations on Multi-key commands. You can increase the number of shards in the database at any time.
- Clear the Database clustering option to use only one shard so that you can use Multi-key commands without the limitations.
Eviction policy - The eviction policy for CRDBs is
Participating Clusters - You must specify the URL of the clusters that you want to host CRDB instances and the admin user account to connect to each cluster.
- In the Participating Clusters list, click to add clusters.
- For each cluster, enter the URL for the cluster (
https://<cluster_fqdn_or_ip_address>:9443), enter the credentials (email address and password) for the service account that you created, and click .
Causal Consistency - Causal Consistency in a CRDB guarantees that the order of operations on a specific key is maintained across all CRDB instances. To enable Causal Consistency for an existing CRDB, use the REST API.
TLS - You can enable TLS for communications between Participating Clusters. After you create the CRDB, you can enable SSL for the data access operations from applications just like regular Redis Enterprise databases.
SSL for data access operations is a local setting on each cluster that only impacts the specific CRDB instance you are editing and does not apply automatically to all CRDB instances.
Test the Connection to your Member Redis CRDBs
With the Redis database created, you are ready to connect to your database to store data. You can use one of the following ways to test connectivity to your database:
- Connect with redis-cli, the built-in command-line tool
- Connect with a Hello World application written in Python
Remember we have two member CRDBs that are available for connections and concurrent reads and writes. The member CRDBs are using bi-directional replication to for the global CRDB.
Connecting Using redis-cli
redis-cli is a simple command-line tool to interact with redis database.
To use redis-cli on port 12000 from the node 1 terminal, run:
redis-cli -p 12000
Store and retrieve a key in the database to test the connection with these commands:
set key1 123
The output of the command looks like this:
127.0.0.1:12000> set key1 123 OK 127.0.0.1:12000> get key1 "123"
Enter the terminal of node 1 in cluster 2, run the redis-cli, and retrieve key1.
The output of the commands looks like this:
$ redis-cli -p 12000 127.0.0.1:12000> get key1 "123"
Connecting Using Hello World Application in Python
A simple python application running on the host machine can also connect to the database.
Note: Before you continue, you must have python and redis-py (python library for connecting to Redis) configured on the host machine running the container.
In the command-line terminal, create a new file called "redis_test.py"
Paste this code into the "redis_test.py" file.
This application stores a value in key1 in cluster 1, gets that value from key1 in cluster 1, and gets the value from key1 in cluster 2.
import redis rp1 = redis.StrictRedis(host='localhost', port=12000, db=0) rp2 = redis.StrictRedis(host='localhost', port=12002, db=0) print ("set key1 123 in cluster 1") print (rp1.set('key1', '123')) print ("get key1 cluster 1") print (rp1.get('key1')) print ("get key1 from cluster 2") print (rp2.get('key1'))
To run the "redis_test.py" application, run:
If the connection is successful, the output of the application looks like:
set key1 123 in cluster 1 True get key1 cluster 1 b'123' get key1 from cluster 2 b'123'